Fas⋅cism ['fæ∫izəm] noun Italian fascismo, from fascio bundle, faces, group, from Latin fascis bundle & fascēs fasces (1921)

  1. a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical gov­ern­ment; — opposed to democracy
  2. an authoritarian system of government under absolute control of a single dictator, allowing no political opposition, forcibly suppressing dissent, and rigidly controlling most industrial and economic activities. Such regimes usually try to achieve popularity by a strongly nationalistic appeal, often mixed with racism. [PJC]
  3. specifically, the Fascist movement led by Benito Mussolini in Italy from 1922 to 1943. [PJC]
  4. broadly, a tendency toward or support of a strongly authoritarian or dictatorial control of government or other organizations; — often used pejoratively in this sense. [PJC]

— From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48

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